Concurso Internacional da Trienal de Arquitectura de Lisboa | 2010
Projecto Finalista presente na exposição do Museu da Electricidade
The goal of this study was to reach two standard minimal living units, one social and one private. The social unit is the center of the house, in which the core of the social dynamic takes place. It sets the layout for common spaces, while containing all the building infrastructures, including the pipe that connects to the rain water collecting system, which is later to be used in the irrigation.
From the possibilities allowed, only one of the combinations is presented. In such a crowded house it’s important to provide private spaces, so that the act of socialization can be a choice and not an obligation. Each bedroom has its own piece of sky, its own tree and its own piece of garden, as an extent of the bedroom. As for the social area, exterior is also set to be an extension of the house.
The modular construction allows good quality results with low-cost materials, slimmer deadlines and easier implementation. The units are made of drywall and particleboard. The roof is built with sandwich panels applied on a wooden structure, which can be fully reused if enlarging the house to a second floor. Wind pipes can easily be applied in this system to create natural ventilation.
By creating a pedestrian alley, a new set of relationships is promoted. Elderly residents can have hobbies, avoiding sedentarism and apathy, sharing their days and past adventures with others in a quiet and intimate space.
The goal of this study was not to reach a “one fits all” solution, but to find the tools to come up with different solutions using the same base, in order to allow the owner to take part of the process, if nothing else, by choosing the raw shape of the house. Due to the independency of the units, it is possible to build a house in different stages or easily enlarge it with additional units.
The sustainable living is present at several points already discussed above, including the reuse of water, in natural circulation of air, in the reuse of materials, but also with regard to how the house and the city decides the experience of who uses them. Above all, it’s this experience and use that has to be sustainable.